(1819- 1900) An English art critic and social thinker, also remembered as a poet and artist. His essays on art and architecture were extremely influential in the Victorian and Edwardian eras and the Arts and Crafts movement. Ruskin believed that art communicated an understanding of nature, and that authentic artists should reject inherited conventions, and study and appreciate effects of form and color by direct observation. With contemporary William Morris, Ruskin had an influence on the founding of the National Trust.
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