A French term also spelled Japonism, used to describe the influence of Japanese Arts on those of the West. First used by Jules Claretie in the book L’Art Francais in 1872. Western artists were especially influenced by Japanese wood block prints and the lack of perspective and shadow, areas of strong color, compositional freedom and off center placement, and low diagonal axes background found in these pieces. Japonisme especially influenced Art Nouveau styles, influencing design in all of the applied arts.
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