Enamels fused inside a wire enclosure on a metal or porcelain ground forming chambers that are filled with colored enamels which are then fused. First used by the Byzantines to decorate small objects and jewelry mainly in religious themes, the technique spread to China were it was widely used to decorate larger objects. Commonly used in Art Nouveau, plique-à-jour is a related enameling technique which uses clear enamels and no metal back plate, the final product resembling stained glass.
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