An art style or art movement of the Counter-Reformation in the 17th century, primarily practiced in Catholic countries, with limited examples in Dutch art. Applying to the fine arts and architecture, artists sought to emulate emotion and movement in their work. Following the Council of Trent the Catholic Church encouraged the style to communicate religious themes and evoke a direct emotional response from the viewer. An advanced movement of Renaissance art, Baroque style is characterized by lively, curved and exuberant forms, vigorous movement, rich ornament, symmetry and themes from the Classical canon. The French Baroque style under Louis XIV, today most commonly cited as a prime example of Baroque excess, was a severely classical version of the style practiced in the rest of Europe. Caravaggio, Rubens, and Michelangelo are classified as Baroque artists.
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