(1878 – 1927) An American dancer trained by Loie Fuller who performed to great acclaim throughout Europe. She is said to have originated Modern Dance. From an early age she taught dance to gain income, in 1899 she moved to Paris. Duncan viewed traditional ballet’s strict posture and forms as “ugly and against nature” instead stressing improvisation and a primitivist style of dance. Duncan inspired such artists as Antoine Bourdelle and Maurice Denis.