Produced by the Etruscan civilization that occupied northwestern Italy from 950 to 300 BCE before the rise of Rome. Made by highly skilled artisans Etruscan jewelry is primarily gold occasionally inlaid with colored beads, gemstones, or enameling. The Early Etruscan period from the 7 to 5th century BCE artisans excelled in creating innovative techniques including the use of granulated gold to produce fibulae. The Late Etruscan period jewelry, made from the 4 to 3rd century BCE, usually involved embossed work. Many examples of Etruscan work were found in tombs and at burial sights. In the 19th century Etruscan Revival jewelry was popular, most notably produced by the Italian jeweler Fortunato Pio Castellani.