Arts and Crafts Movement
A design movement that influenced architecture, interior design, and the decorative arts which stressed simplicity of form, a medieval style of decoration, and traditional craftsmanship. Started as a reaction against the historic revivals and mass production of the Victorian era, the movement reached its peak between 1880 and 1910 in England, America, Australia, and Canada. Instigated by artist and author William Morris and John Ruskin, the movement was against the division of labor. In America the movement was a bourgeoisie phenomenon with the simple refined aesthetics decorating middle-class homes.